Country UpdateJanuary 22, 2021
- Costa Rica
- Czech Republic
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- Ivory Coast
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Market Pricesangola sovereign
|ANGOL 9 1/2 11/12/25||105.65||106.15||7.99||752||+0||2025-11-12|
|ANGOL 8 1/4 05/09/28||99.70||100.20||8.26||750||+3||2028-05-09|
|ANGOL 8 11/26/29||98.75||99.25||8.16||726||-2||2029-11-26|
|ANGOL 8 11/26/29||98.55||99.05||8.19||730||0||2029-11-26|
|ANGOL 9 3/8 05/08/48||98.65||99.15||9.49||819||+1||2048-05-08|
|ANGOL 9 1/8 11/26/49||96.80||97.30||9.42||812||+1||2049-11-26|
Market Mapangola sovereign
Emerging markets faced massive capital flight as a result of the COVID-19 crisis.
However, there has been debate as to whether the severe initial shock was primarily the result of an interruption in liquidity flows and not the deterioration of macroeconomic variables.
Growth in emerging economies may have taken a permanent hit but, at the same time, emerging markets could become more attractive to those hunting for yield.
We believe that the deepness of the impact of the pandemic on EMs can be quantified.
While inflation and unemployment keep climbing up, the central bank has kept the interest rate unchanged at 15.50% since 2019.
The Monetary Policy Committee has mixed opinions about how to proceed: stimulate the economy or tackle inflation?
Likewise, the kwanza has depreciated 26% YTD, adding pressure to inflation.
There have been several protests over the year, because of the deteriorated living conditions and the constant delay in local elections.
SELL: Fundamentals remain very negative, and higher oil prices are not enough to compensate for the high probability of political tension stemming from protests.
We take a comprehensive look at political risk indicators in a group of Emerging Market countries, trying to identify potential sources of conflict.
We analyze the electoral scenarios in the four Latin American nations that will have electoral processes during the end of 2020 and all of 2021.
We review the scenarios in the parliamentarians of Argentina and El Salvador, we comment on the electoral process that will take place in Venezuela, and we review the perspectives of the presidential elections in Ecuador.
We evaluated the World Bank’s governance indicators for our sample countries in 2019 and share our view of thes...
The 2021 budget acknowledges the difficulties that Angola still needs to overcome.
Authorities expect no GDP growth in 2021, while oil production would decrease by 4%.
For 2020, we estimate that the fiscal deficit will be equivalent to 5.6% of GDP, with gross financing needs of 20.1%.
The government calculates that in 2021 the fiscal deficit will decrease, standing at 4.1% as some reforms take place.
SELL: Even though fundamentals remain very negative, higher oil prices and hopes for a deal with China being realized soon keep driving prices – and downside risks – up.
Angola is vulnerable to oil price volatility given that 95% of total exports are oil-related.
After oil prices suffered a notable decrease in April, hard currency inflow losses amounted to USD 7.7 bn (11% of GDP) over the first two quarters of the year.
The current account went from a surplus of USD 1.8 bn in the 1Q19 to a deficit of USD 1.2 bn in the 2Q2020,
Per our estimates, gross external financing needs will amount to USD 6.6 bn, 9% of GDP.
The scenario would have been worst, were it not for the proactive role of the government by seeking debt relief.
SELL: Angola is very likely to require ...
The COVID19 crisis could open the door to new sovereign restructurings
In the last decade, sovereign default events carried out for political reasons have increased by 50%
Suriname and Ecuador, with previous complications, this year saw their position even more deteriorated due to the COVID19 crisis and announced restructuring
On the horizon El Salvador, Angola and Sri Lanka are the countries that generate the most concern of those followed by EMFI
The very probably extension of the Debt Service Suspension Initiative (DSSI) at next month's G20 meeting could lead to increased pressure for private participation.
A global approach to the DSSI that involves involuntary exchanges would turn participation into an event of distressed debt exchange.
Any material change in contract terms that implies NPV losses is considered as a default by rating agencies.
Among the list of possible beneficiaries of the DSSI, there are 21 countries at high risk of facing external debt problems and another 4 in already in distress.
Isabel Dos Santos, daughter of former president José Eduardo Dos Santos, looted billions of public resources through a complex business scheme.
There were more than 400 companies and subsidiaries in 41 countries, registered in low tax and opaque offshore jurisdictions.
Most of the companies were involved in government contracting or required government authorization, which was provided by president Dos Santos.
According to our estimations, the Angolan government could recover USD 2.2 bn, equivalent to 3.2% of GDP from these past operations.
Pressure grows on China, as one of the world's main creditors, to enter the DSSI without restrictions
The terms of China's agreements with emerging or frontier nations are extremely aggressive compared to members of the Paris Club
One issue to keep an eye on is the participation of Chinese state banks in the renegotiations, as these entities hold about 75% of the country's total debt
Chinese authorities have spoken with 20 countries about the DSSI, and it has approved relief for an amount close to USD 3 bn for 10 countries
Angola and Zambia are the countries that most urgently need to address a restructu...
The push to force private sector participation in the G20 Debt Service Suspension Initiative (DSSI) has mostly receded by now.
Rating agencies have recently made explicit that they won’t consider DSSI participation, in itself, as negative for credit ratings.
Recent academic studies show that restructuring debt owed to private creditors has a material long-term adverse effect, but a similar treatment of official debt doesn’t.
Some analysts believe that merely qualifying for the DSSI may have a material adverse effect over credit spreads.
If this is so, and DSSI participation does not lead to private secto...
Last month, the statistical institute reported that GDP fell by 1.8% in the 1Q2020. In broad terms, the non-oil economy reported negative results.
The unemployment rate went from 28.7% in the 2Q2019 to 32.7% in 2Q2020 and without wider economic support programs, the number will likely continue to increase.
Another effect of the global pandemic has been a relative risk aversion that, together with the fall in oil prices, has put pressure in the local currency.
Consequently, the exchange rate has depreciated 18% YTD.
69% of the country’s debt is vulnerable to FX risk, so if the depreciation continues, debt-to-GD...
Despite pretty bad fundamentals, the price of our reference bond, the ANGOL 8 2029, has surged dramatically.
We see four major risk factors that are taking a heavy toll over the market’s perception of Angolan risk, beginning with the large external financing needs.
Also, we see four factors that could play a large role (positive or negative) on momentum going forward, led by the upcoming IMF decisions and the renegotiation of Chinese debt.
Even if we see some room for upside over the upcoming months, we remain sellers of Angola due to our perception of an adverse risk-return balance.
Almost four months after the first case of COVID-19 in the country, and three months after oil prices plummeted, Angola can say habemus a revised 2020 Budget.
The budget contemplates a GDP contraction of 3.6%, an optimistic print compared to our estimation: -4.8%.
The budget deficit is estimated at 4.5% of GDP and the primary surplus at 2.0%.
The gross financing needs remain the same at 22.3% of GDP, equivalent to about USD 14 bn.
So far Angola appears to be trying to muddle-through the 2020 external shock, and there are no stated intentions to engage in a restructuring of bonds at this point.
Since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, several of our EMFI countries have suffered massive repricings all along their sovereign curves.
Recovery has not been homogeneous, and some countries still exhibit inverted yield curves, a traditional indicator of liquidity strains.
We decided to take a closer look at Angola, Sri Lanka and El Salvador, focusing on liquidity and solvency indicators, in order to determine if these inversions present an investment opportunity or in fact are accurately priced.
We like El Salvador's and Angola's front end of the curve, but we stay wary and have a negative outlook on Sri Lanka....
36 of the 77 eligible countries have applied for the G20’s Debt Service Suspension Initiative (DSSI).
Chinese debt has grown significantly, but has remained highly opaque. The recently released World Bank dataset is a big step forward in this regard.
Countries that would benefit the most from DSSI owe on average 42% of their 2020-2021 and 41.1% of their 2022-2025 debt service to China.
So far, DSSI only extends for payments scheduled for 2020, but there are many voices calling for an extension to 2021.
To put it bluntly, a program of debt relief or a generalized standstill on official debt would go nowhere wit...
Oil production stayed stable around 1,400 tbd until March 2020, despite OPEC insisted on Angola to cut its production to around 1,100 tbd.
In May, Angola reported production of 1,251 tbd, the lowest level of the last 10 years.
Angolan active rigs went from 7 in April to 0 in May. After the French oil company, Total, announced a standstill in drilling operations.
Angola still has the “fortune” that oil prices cover the cost of production per barrel, which is currently at 7.53 USD/bl.
The country was struggling to comply with its oil payments to China, which accounts for 67% of total oil exports.
Low interest rates and the hunt for yields of the last decade has left broad swaths of EMs overindebted and vulnerable.
The first half of 2020 is not yet over and we already have 3 countries in default.
The recent record of most defaults on Eurobonds on a single year was 4 in 2017, so 2020 is not far from setting new records.
Eurobond restructuring processes are usually among the most complicated due to the variety of holders and the different interests they represent.
Suriname, Zambia, Belize, Sri Lanka and Angola are in the most risk to engross the default-statistic for the year.
May was one of those months that feels like a year. We had a default in Argentina, a tense election in Suriname, a deadly pandemic still spreading around the world, and yet, it was a good month for emerging market debt
Our EMFI Core Index went up for the first time in 6 months. The biggest winners were Argentina, Angola and Ecuador, while Venezuela, Suriname and Sri Lanka were among the negative outliers that went against the general risk-on mood
The macro and fiscal situations deteriorated further for all countries covered, and we chronicled the dramatic economic crash in our Country Reports
We’ve been preparing fo...
Total domestic debt stock amounted to USD 22.9 bn, and external debt stock stood at USD 50.1 bn in 4Q 2019. Total public debt stock reached USD 73 bn, 86.2% of GDP
The authorities will likely tap the Eurobonds’ market in the next weeks, thanks to more favorable conditions due to the rebound in oil prices.
While China is the main external creditor, commercial banks rule in the domestic market. Angola would like to restructure its the Chinese debt, however, rumor has it that China is upset with Angola for approaching the U.S.
Pending payments for this year amount to USD 4.8 bn in domestic bonds.
An agreement wit...
As of May 22, 8 countries have at least one USD-denominated sovereign bond trading below 50 cents on the dollar.
The Covid-19 crisis could lead to a new wave of sovereign defaults from prolonged confinements.
We discuss the worst debt restructuring events so far this century.
Argentina 2005 remains at the forefront of these events if we exclude the exceptional cases of countries at war or leaving them.
The countries with the most compromised solvencies that could generate problems with their debt are Angola and somewhat behind, Sri Lanka, El Salvador, Egypt and Pakistan.
A pandemic year was on the cards, the dramatic magnitude of its effects was not.
The global economy is expected to shrink by 3% in 2020, but leading indicators are pointing to a deeper downturn.
Emerging countries with a history of volatile economic growth will show the worst results.
Some economies may experience a period of above-trend growth during the recovery, although the level of GDP will remain, in most cases, below the pre-virus level.
Pakistan is the weakest among the EMFI Countries, in terms of the spread of the virus. Lebanon, Sri Lanka and Barbados are the strongest, with a controlled increase rate and a persistent lockdown.
The countries that we evaluate with the worst economic performance year-to-date are Angola, Venezuela, Lebanon, Barbados, El Salvador, Ecuador, Sri Lanka, Argentina and Suriname.
Since the end of 2019, the local currency has depreciated -70.5% in Venezuela, -52.4% in Lebanon, -43.5% in Argentina and -40% in Suriname.
El Salvador and Argentina launched the most ambitious fiscal program among our sample, which will cost 6% and 5.6...
The safest rung of EM hard-currency sovereign bonds fell on March but has already retraced all their losses.
Mid-quality EMs plunged over March and have risen somehow since, but haven’t fully recovered.
This segment has seen a 320 bps rise in average yield in 2020, going from an average 6.1% yield to 9.3%.
We believe high-yield bonds in our mid-quality group have significant upside if they avert a credit event.
After a dry March, markets are again open for fresh bonds, but only from relatively high-quality issuers.
US stocks rose 12.7% in April, while US investment grade bonds rose 4.6% and EM bonds 4.0%.
Our EMFI Core Index fell 0.9% over the month and is 27.1% down YTD.
The best performers of April were Egypt (+4.7%), Sri Lanka (+4.0%) and Turkey (+3.8%).
The worst performers were Suriname (-26.9%), Lebanon (-14.0%) and El Salvador (-11.3%).
The IMF has approved just over USD 16.0 bn for 61 countries.
Of the 16 countries we follow, 6 have already been granted financing for a combined USD 3.5 bn.
Lebanon and Argentina presented restructuring proposals asking for large debt relief but not offering much adjustment.<...
We identified 23 countries that have at least one bond yielding above 10%, a threshold usually associated with sovereign distress.
Among the most distressed credits, first-time defaulter Lebanon is trading between 16.3 and 18.3 cents on the dollar, on account of slow progress on a reform plan.
Argentina’s debt goes in a range of 23.2 to 34.6 cents on the dollar, days after the Fernández administration’s aggressive mid-April proposal to bondholders was publicly rejected by 3 creditor groups.
Ecuador trades between 28.8 and 33.6, after negotiating a coupon standstill that will give the country until Augus...
So far, the authorities have not declared much about what measures we should expect so they can make ends meet.
Until now, authorities plans to accelerate a plan to sell state assets and suspend the payment of arrears. They also are reviewing the 2020 Budget, given they initially estimated an oil price of 55 USD/bl.
On April 15th, President Joao Lourenço subscribed a document stressing the urgent need to approve the debt moratorium for all the pending payments of bilateral and multilateral debt.
6% of the total public debt corresponds to multilateral and 10% from bilateral (USD 10.5 bn), where China is the main cre...
On April 15, the G20 agreed on a standstill for bilateral debt service during 2020. Nonetheless, the agreement only applies to IDA-eligible countries. The suspension will be NPV-neutral and will involve repayment over 4 years, including a 1-year grace period.
Multilaterals haven’t found a way to implement a similar standstill. In fact, Fitch Ratings warned them that joining in on the G20 standstill could result in rating downgrades if not appropriately compensated by shareholder countries.
On aggregate, official creditors account for almost 90% of the debt of low-income, and 60% of that of lower middle-income countries, b...
Two weeks ago, we singled out some early calls for a generalized global debt moratorium in our Global Strategy Viewpoint: Force Majeure. The idea has gained significant traction and is becoming one of the main themes in economic and financial discussion.
While we don’t think a generalized moratorium on commercial bonded debt is likely to succeed, investors should be aware that it is a growing theme and bondholders will probably be under increased pressure to accept attempts at restructuring bond terms.
There are some indications that China is a significant roadblock for the IMF-World Bank initiative for a bilateral debt m...
The COVID-19 crisis is raising a difficult question of public policy for emerging market economies with low fiscal space, which have to reconcile economic and social policy with debt service.
The relation between liquidity and solvency problems is not straight-forward: the COVID-19 shock, which presents liquidity challenges first and foremost, can unearth underlying solvency problems and can also turn liquidity problems into solvency ones if improperly managed.
We’re already seeing some early calls for an international debt holiday to exempt countries from paying during the COVID-19 crisis. Multilateral organizations are ...
In December 2019, Brent was trading at 67.5 USD/bl, 2020 Budget estimated at 55.0 USD/bl and is currently trading at 24.7 USD/bl, the lowest level since 2003.
For that reason, the minister of finance, Vera Daves, announced today that the budget will be revised and the final version will be submitted at the Parliament before May 15th
The new projection of oil price will be below 35 USD/bl and they estimate an oil production of 3,726 tbd.
Daves also said that they have a forecast of an economic contraction of 1.21% in 2020.
On the other hand, yesterday Standard & Poor’s downgraded Angola’s long-term fo...
The current crisis will translate into twin demand and supply shocks, with an oil price war on top of it.
The demand shock driven by declines in the world’s main trading partners will particularly affect emerging markets which are characterized by low diversification of exports and production.
Supply chains around the world have been disrupted by factory closures, first in China and now in Europe and the US.
The markets most exposed to a potential slowdown are the major commodity exporters: Venezuela, Ecuador, Angola and the markets most reliant on Chinese and US tourism.
In most EMFI countries the tourism act...
Our EMFI Core Index has fallen 27.6% year-to-date (YTD), while Our EMFI Expanded Index has fallen 19.2%. The last two weeks have been particularly bad, with consecutive 10% declines.
Unsurprisingly, countries heavily reliant on oil have suffered the most. Among our 34-country group, almost every oil-reliant one has fallen more than the 18.3% median.
The second thing that jumps to the eye is that the riskier countries have fared proportionally worse than relatively safer countries, when excluding oil-dependent countries.
We’re also seeing several countries crossing the 10% yield threshold, usually associated with dis...
In December 2019, Brent was trading at USD 65.4 per barrel (bl), however the authorities chose to be conservative and estimated an oil price of 55 USD/bl for 2020.
Brent is currently trading at 30.3 USD/bl and Angola's debt is among the week's worst performers, only behind some countries under financial distress and Ecuador.
Despite the surplus, Angola faces financing needs above 10% of GDP.
In the 2020 Budget, authorities estimated USD 14.1 bn (18.6% of GDP), which could be divided into 9.7% of GDP towards domestic debt and 7.5% of external debt.
It is quite clear that the main problem that Angola will face...
The outbreak of the Coronavirus, as well as the “oil price war” between Saudi Arabia and Russia have triggered almost complete certainty that a global recession is coming over the next quarter.
Some economists are expecting a 2-quarter rolling recession, but there is potential for the downturn to extend further if the virus reemerges after activity is unfrozen.
Emerging market debt is taking a beating in 2020 so far. The countries we cover registered a median 14.3% fall year-to-date, with the worst performer doing as bad as 60.3% down (Ecuador) and 38.5% down (Angola).
We compare indicators on 4 major categori...
February was a bad month for EM debt, as the market went into risk-off mode pushing bonds to backtrack on the gains made over the previous two months. 11 out of the 15 countries in our EMFI Core Index fell on the month, while the weighted index itself fell 5.8%, retracing below December levels.
Our Expanded Index ex. Core confirms February’s sell-off, registering declines in 21 out of 25 countries and an aggregated fall of 0.9%. Nonetheless, this fall is significantly below that of our EMFI Core Index.
Our selection of countries is clearly biased towards some large and risky high-yielders, which translates to an expectabl...
Angola’s oil output has been in freefall since 2017
Financial statements of Sonangol, the Angolan national oil company, reflect the inability to resolve these complications internally and showcase the need for greater amounts of foreign investment
Current oil prices are not high enough to cover Sonangol’s production costs
Angola's economy remained depressed in 2019, and the outlook for 2020 is cloudy
There’s hasn’t been much progress in recovering production levels, a situation that will continue to condition the performance of the Angolan economy in the long term
2019 was a quite difficult year for the Angolan economy. Although the country reached a three-year Extended Fund Facility agreement with IMF on December 7, 2018, which indeed has provided some impetus to a reform-minded Government, Angola still faces a deteriorated external environment.
Nevertheless, the authorities under João Lourenço administration show committed to the goals set under the arrangement by making some necessary reforms. The president João Lourenço presented a balance of his two years in office on October 15, in a State of the Nation address to parliament. The president said that after thre...
On Tuesday, December 10, the European Union approved a financing of EUR 5 mn for the execution of the Angolan Economic Governance Support Program, which aims the improvement of budgetary transparency and the effectiveness of public spending.
The agreement was signed on Tuesday in Luanda between the Government of Angola, the EU and the International Monetary Fund (IMF). The 3-year program will provide a broader and more stable budgetary base to create an effective system to combat illicit financial flows. According to the Minister of Finance, Vera Daves, the project aims to improve the credibility and effectiveness of public spending,...
In a statement published today, the IMF announced the completion of the second review of the economic program under the USD3.7bn Extended Fund Facility (EFF) agreement. This second review unlocks a USD 247 mn disbursement.
Mr. Tao Zhang, IMF Deputy Managing Director and Acting Chair said that the Central Bank of Angola (BNA) has made progress eliminating the remaining imbalances in the foreign exchange market and that they reduced the restrictions on the formation of market prices in foreign exchange auctions. Similarly, it recommends the BNA to maintain its strict monetary policy stance and be ready to harden further in order to sup...
On November 20, the Angolan government submitted to the Parliament the 2020 budget proposal. The General State Budget (GSB) draft for 2020 estimates a budget surplus of 1.2% of GDP.
The Gross Domestic Product growth is projected at around 1.8% in 2020 driven mainly by a better performance of the non-oil sectors, including agriculture, fishing and manufacturing. In the opinion of legislator Albertina Ngolo, of the main opposition party National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (Unita), the PGE proposal generates uncertainty since the macroeconomic indicators are "discouraging."
On the same day of the pr...
This Thursday November 19, Angola finally issued its first bonds of 2019. The issuance process began on Tuesday, but the details were only made available today. The country issued the bonds in two tranches, of 10 and 30 years, with yields of 8.125 % and 9.25%, respectively. The aggregated amount of the issuance was USD 3 bn (3% of GDP) and the operation was monitored by Deutsche Bank, ICBC and Standard Chartered.
This action is part of Joao Lourenço administration strategy to obtain financing either by issuing debt or by privatizing public companies. However, this will imply higher debt payments in the future, in a country wit...
On November 13, the Angolan government signed several agreements with the Italian oil company ENI, in the framework of President João Lourenço's official visit to the Vatican.
Angolan Minister of Petroleum, Diamantino Azevedo, said that five documents were signed, two of them related to the exploitation of two of offshore blocks in the northern province of Cabinda. Other commitments are related to a partnership between the Angolan oil company Sonangol and ENI for renewable energy projects.
This investment scheme is part of Angola's strategy to increase its oil production to 1,436 tbd (in October the produc...
On November 5, Secretary of State for Oil José Barroso announced that the government will delay plans to “gradually eliminate the fuel price subsidies” by the end of this year or by the beginning of 2020. This measure was due to start in November. In addition, Barroso confirmed that fuel subsidies will be maintained for the agriculture and fishing activities, due to their importance for the country. Despite being a net oil-exporter country, Angola imports a large volume of fuel to sale in the domestic market, since it only has two refineries, Luanda and Cabinda, which have the capacity to cover only 20% of local demand.<...
Bloomberg news portal reported having access to a presentation made on October 25 by the Angolan Ministry of Finance detailing the economic forecasts that will be used for the 2020 budget. According to estimates made by the ministry, the economy will shrink for a fourth consecutive year in 2019 (around -0.4%) before growing 1.8% in 2020.
Central Bank figures shows that Angola's net reserves fell to the lowest level since December 2009. Net reserves fell USD 717 mn in September, to reach USD 10.1 bn.
Angolan Ministry of Finance estimates revenues to increase to AOA 6.9 tn (USD 14.9 bn), 15.5% higher than in 2019. Similarly, ...
In a State of the Nation Address to Parliament on October 15, President João Lourenço gave a balance of his two years in office.
Lourenço highlighted that the country has been reducing its financing needs, going from a fiscal deficit in 2017 to a 2.2% of GDP surplus in 2018 and 1H19 ended with a surplus of approximately 1.3% of GDP. However, in 2019 the share of debt service over total fiscal expenses amounted 51%. Regarding public debt, the president promised to reduce the debt-to-GDP ratio from 90% to 60% by 2022.
The president said that after three year of contractions, the country will return to growth,...
As of October 1st, the value added tax (VAT) began to be collected in the country. After being postponed twice this year, in January and July, 14% VAT began to be applied to local produced and imported goods and services. This tax represents an increase compared to a previous 10% consumption tax. In addition, goods considered "essential" such as rice, grains, sugar, oil and school supplies are exempt.
On the other hand, on the September 30 meeting of the Monetary Policy Committee it was decided to keep unchanged the benchmark rate at 15.5%. The Committee based its decision on the contraction shown by the monetary base, its ...
The Central Bank governor Jose de Lima Massano, said on September 26 that there is room to continue expansionary monetary policy. Massano said: “there is room to bring interest rates down so that we give a little more chance for businesses to survive". The final decision will be announced on September 30.
Massano also pledged to knock down inflation to a single-digit by the end of 2021 or early 2022, which currently stands out at 17.9%. Angola has been suffering an economic crisis with a 3-year contraction of the economy, its oil production declining, and fast depreciation of its currency.
During 2019 Angola's oi...
On August 27, the Ministry of Mineral and Petroleum Resources of Angola (MIREMPET) began a month of international tours in which five mining concessions available for public tender will be promoted. Mining concessions include diamonds, iron and phosphates mines in five Angolan provinces.
The open tenders will grant exploitation rights of two phosphate mines, one iron mine and two Kimberlite diamond mines. Phosphate and iron projects will be carried out entirely by private companies, while diamond projects will be partnerships with the Angolan diamond company Endiama.
This announcement was preceded by the creation of a new Board...
On August 19, the French oil and gas company, Maurel & Prom (M&P), reported on the acquisition of two Angola oil blocks at sea. The purchase amounted to USD 80 million. The company said the acquisition reflects favorable "regulatory and political aspects."
This is part of a new round of auctions and tenders announced on July 23 by the Minister of Mineral and Petroleum Resources, Diamantino Azevedo, under the slogan “Restructuring of the mineral and oil resources sector.” According to the official, the general strategy for awarding oil concessions for the 2019-2025 period includes the auction of nine oil ...
In our last report we pointed out that as of October 1 the Value Added Tax (VAT) would come into effect, in line with the economic program under the Extended Fund Facility (EFF) with the IMF. On July 30, the introduction of this tax was approved by Parliament in substitution of the Consumption Tax.
Since the 1970s, taxes were mainly applied to imports and production of goods through a single-stage tax (in contrast to a multi-stage tax, like European Union VAT) called “tax on consumption”, the one that was in force until now.
The Angolan parliament approved that the tax rate for the transition regime should be 3% to ...
Angola has several factors against it: being an oil country it is exposed to the volatilities of oil prices, it went through armed conflicts until 2002, it has high corruption rates and low living standards for its population: life expectancy at birth was 51 years old in 2017 and 43.4% of the population earns less than USD 1.25 a day, according to UNICEF.
According to an article published by the IMF on June 11, 2018, policies implemented prior to the August 2017’s elections - fiscal expansion and fixed exchange rate - led to further erosion of fiscal and external reserves .
With a new president in command, according to th...